The best way to heat a garage is with a power friendly heat source that maintains heat when you need it. But some heaters require venting holes, special wiring or can’t be used with projects like spraying paint. In this article we’ll review small shop heaters both thermostat controlled or for occasional use.
Unfortunately, there is no one size-fits-all-garage heater.
For example, a large garage in a far northern climate that is heated all winter requires a large 75,000+ BTU garage heater (and you are best to find a pro to install their brand).
But a small garage in a southern climate can make do with a fraction of the BTU’s. Here’s what is popular for shop heaters:
- BEST LARGE WORKSHOP: MR. HEATER 50K BTU will heat most insulated garages even in cold climates to a constant temperature.
- BEST ELECTRIC HEATER: COMFORT ZONE 10K WATT is one of the largest electric heaters available and heats medium sized workshops. But, use an electrician for proper wire and breaker sizing.
- SMALL SPACE HEATER: CERAMIC FAN HEATER works for small spaces and warmer climates.
First Things First: Garage Size & Climate
For reference, I live in that light blue band way at the top of the temperature maps.
And while that makes my heating decisions easy (insulate and high BTU’s) living in the green and yellow bands can cause some pause as the winters are not as bitter.
So, before we look at heaters I’d like you to find three things:
- Garage Square Feet: this is the #1 determinant of heater size. Simply measure the width and depth of your garage to arrive at square footage. Hint: a 3-car garage is usually 20×30′ = 600sqf.
- Climate Zone: there’s a big difference between heating a garage to 60-degrees in northern Georgia than in Minnesota.
- Heating Sources: do you have gas (LP or propane) or just electric?
Last update on 2022-09-25 at 03:33 / Images from Amazon
Why Are You Heating the Garage?
So you have size, climate and heating source options in hand, now what else matters?
How you’ll use the space, of course.
For example, if you’re a woodworker you need a steady temperature above 60 degrees to prevent glue joint failures. On the other hand, a mechanics shop can cool off overnight and then warm up.
Or, perhaps you’re looking to keep the temperature at 50-degrees for a warm car and to keep a garage fridge or freezer running.
With that in mind, before selecting a heater you’ll want to consider:
- Temporary heat or hold a steady temperature
- Heating to 50-degrees vs. 70-degrees
- Does the heater need to be portable?
- Location and programming of the thermostat
- Energy efficiency
- Brand of the unit (eg. Honeywell, Reznor, HotDogg)
- And lastly, location of the unit
With all of these factors in hand you’re now ready to make a decision and warm your garage!
Beware of Dust and Flammable Fumes
If your workshop will be used for woodworking then you’ll need to factor in how the heater will handle dust.
Many heaters, like heat (and cool) mini-split systems have sensitive filters that will easily clog. And some systems with open flames cannot be used in paint or finish environments.
Generally, a closed electric or gas system with proper venting is the best way to go if you are heating a workshop that produces hazardous dust or fumes. Not sure? Call in a professional.
Types of Garage Heaters
While this might seem obvious, the number one step in deciding the best way to heat a garage is will you need occasional or constant heat?
If your needs are for weekend projects and you won’t need to bring the temperature up significantly you can consider smaller plug-in heaters or stand-alone infrared units for small spaces.
But if you live in a cold climate odds are you’ll need a heater to hold the garage above freezing the entire winter. And then a heater big enough to raise the temperature quickly when you will be working in it.
Garage Heaters For Occasional Use
Almost all homeowners have a garage with paint, chemicals and even freezers or refrigerators that shouldn’t freeze.
And those living in a southern climate enjoy temperatures that rarely drop below 32-degrees for sustained period. Which makes an intermittent-use garage heater a great option to save energy.
So, consider a heater that isn’t hooked up to a thermostat when:
- Your garage won’t freeze
- You only need to warm the garage periodically
- Temperature rise (difference between un-heated and heated temp) is low. For example, an occasional use heater can take hours to take a space from 40-degrees to 72-degrees.
Garage Heaters For Continual use
As you can guess, cold climates require larger heaters.
And if your garage needs to be kept above freezing then a regulated heater on a thermostat is a must. But the good thing is these heaters can be set to a low temperature (say 45-degrees, but follow manufacturer minimums). And before use for projects like woodworking or fixing the car you can set the temperature up.
You’ll find these heaters are generally:
- Natural gas hung from the ceiling
- Radiant heat affixed to the wall
- Electric 240V for smaller garages
But, plan to use a professional. And, generally, purchase the heater through them for their warranty.
Best Way to Heat a Garage
With variations in your workshop size, intended use, budget, desired “steady” temperature and climate there is no single heater that works for everyone.
However, the following list is a comprehensive collection of the best way to heat a garage:
Electric Shop Heater for Small Shops (DR Infrared)
Looking for occasional heat for your garage and live in a warmer climate?
First, a great place to start is an electric heater to take the chill off a small workshop and keep the heat at a working temperature for your shop projects.
And, as a major advantage to a gas garage heater you will NOT need to vent an electric unit (that I have seen – follow all manufacturer guidelines).
- Ceiling mounted to not take up valuable wall or floor space
- Direct wired (no extension cords!)
- Available in sizes from 5000-7500W+
- Quiet operation
- Most units have a thermostat on the unit
120V Electric Heater vs. 240v Electric Heater
So you’ve heard about 120V heaters and 240V heaters, but what’s the difference? When it comes to a heater, it’s as simple as more power in the 240V.
And while you should hire an electrician for ALL wiring, you can learn more on the differences between 120V and 240V over here.
For large spaces you’ll want (need) to start with a vented gas garage heater.
And, personally, I have no regrets in going this route since I’ve used a 75000 BTU heater in my 1200 square foot garage with 12′ ceilings in a cold climate. Due to the design of a gas heater they heat up fast and hold a temperature easily.
- Ceiling mounted with external venting
- Direct wired and connected to a gas supply
- Capable of heating a large space to a high temperature quickly and efficiently
- Wall mounted thermostats to control temperature
- Most units have a thermostat on the unit
There aren’t many options for heating that use a standard 120V outlet, but this unit is one of them.
Should you consider this for constant duty heating in colder climates? Probably not.
But, if you live in a warmer climate, want to take the cold out of the garage for the weekend then this is worth looking at.
Over the course of two home workshops I’ve had to cut two holes in garage walls to accommodate a vented garage heater.
But my shops are larger and in a (very) cold climate.
So how can I heat my garage without holes? Well, if your garage is in a moderate climate, smaller in size and you don’t want a hole in the wall then this unit is a must-see.
The only downside? You’ll need to supply it with either propane or LP.
Growing up in a northern climate I remember my dad’s torpedo heater well. On cold days in the workshop this would occasionally make an appearance to quickly warm the shop after extended periods of the shop doors being opened.
And as a kerosene powered unit it blasted out a high volume of heat quickly.
- Doesn’t require any installation
- Simply plug it into a wall outlet and a 20-gallon propane tank
- Runs around 20 hours on a single tank
The biggest drawback? You won’t want to use this for continuous duty heating (follow the manufacturer’s instructions!).
First, convection heat works by heating the air around it and continuing to warm air gradually warms an entire room.
Similar to a torpedo heater but with no noise or air movement this installation-free heater will heat a small to medium sized garage at an affordable price.
The biggest downside? Storing and supplying this heater with kerosene.
If your garage is smaller (1-2 stalls) and your climate is warmer then a compact wall garage heater is an option.
While this heater will still require a 240V connection to achieve the required heat, they are easy to use, simple to mount and will take the chill off a cold workshop.
How to Heat Different Garage Types
Choosing a heater often involves deciding on what type of garage you’re trying to heat.
For example, a detached garage will have different considerations due to location, availability of energy and often differing construction quality (and efficiency).
However, an attached garage may require additional considerations for venting and controlling the temperature for doors that may open more frequently.
Best Way to Heat a Detached Garage
As you might guess, a detached garage has a number of shortcomings when it comes to heating options. For example, you’ll need to likely overcome:
- Limited power supplies such as availability of natural gas or propane.
- Insulation and construction quality often less than a home due to building codes
- And lastly if you’ll be heating and holding the temperature, or letting it cool and re-heat (time to heat)
With that in consideration there are two options for heating a detached garage:
- One of the best options is a 240V electric heater (or two) that leverages your existing electrical.
- Or, if you propane is an option, a gas heater with a propane conversion for larger garages.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the most efficient way to heat a garage?
Before choosing a heater, the first thing you’ll need to do is fully insulate your garage and garage doors. Without adequate insulation you’ll spend hundreds (or thousands) on lost heat. Next, based on your garage size and target temperature, look for a heater that will run when needed. Gas heaters can be the most efficient way to heat due to their ability to quickly heat a space and turn off the blower motors.
What type of heater is best for a garage?
The size of the garage often dictates the best heater. For single car garages a wall or ceiling mounted garage is often best. While for 2 or 3 stall garages you’ll want to turn to gas (LP or propane) for a sure-bet heating to higher temperatures. Building a new garage? Then I’d consider investing in radiant in-floor heating.
Should I heat my garage in the winter?
You should only heat your garage in winter if it’s necessary, of course. Reasons to heat a garage often include keeping an outdoor fridge or freezer above 45-degrees. Or, for hobbies like woodworking (my use) you NEED to heat it for keeping glue and other cannot-freeze items above freezing.
How many BTU's does it take to heat a 2 car garage?
The minimum is generally 35,0000 BTU’s in warmer climates up to 70,000 in bitter cold climates with tall ceiling spaces (remembering a 12′ ceiling can add 50% to your space over an 8′ ceiling).
Hopefully this article was useful in showing you what the best ways to heat a garage are. While there is no one way to do this, a little planning will help your purchase and improve usability.
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Last update on 2022-09-25 at 05:53 / Images from Amazon